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RUSSIA: What sign languages are used in Russia?

Updated: Mar 13

This article can help you answer the following questions:


Where is Russia?


How many Deaf / Hard of Hearing people are in Russia?

There are an estimated 4,818,400 Deaf and Hard of Hearing in the Russia.

This percentage is a rough estimation: 3.3% of the general population. Lack of research make estimating these numbers difficult. The World Health Organization estimates 5% of the world population has significant hearing loss. Keep in mind that developing nations typically have a much higher number of Deaf and Hard of Hearing populations.


What sign languages are used in Russia?

  • Русский Жестовый Язык or Russkii Zhestovyi Iazyk (Russian Sign Language)

  • There is a wide regional variation within Russian Sign Language

  • Signed Russian (manually coded system)

Written / spoken languages in Russia:

  • Russian (Cyrillic)

  • Indigenous: Aghul, Avar, Azerbaijani, Chechen, Dargwa, Kumyk, Lak, Lezgian, Nogai, Rutul, Tabasaran, Tat, Tsakhur

  • Russian Braille

Where else is Russian Sign Language used?

  • Tajikistan

  • Belarus

  • Moldova


How do you say Russia in sign language?


Where can I learn Russian Sign Language online?

InterSign University offers online Russian Sign Language courses. Register here:


What Deaf organizations are located in Russia?

Всероссийское общество глухих

All Russian Society of the Deaf

Description: Works to protect the rights and interests of deaf people in the Russian Federation and to promote their social rehabilitation and integration in modern society and equal opportunity.

Source: Gallaudet


Additional sign language resources for Russia

An Overview of Russian Sign Language by Lenore Grenoble

Corpus of Russian Sign Language

We will update this section as more information becomes available.

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