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RUSSIA: What sign languages are used in Russia?

Updated: Mar 13, 2023

This article can help you answer the following questions:


Where is Russia?


How many Deaf / Hard of Hearing people are in Russia?

There are an estimated 4,818,400 Deaf and Hard of Hearing in the Russia.

This percentage is a rough estimation: 3.3% of the general population. Lack of research make estimating these numbers difficult. The World Health Organization estimates 5% of the world population has significant hearing loss. Keep in mind that developing nations typically have a much higher number of Deaf and Hard of Hearing populations.


What sign languages are used in Russia?

  • Русский Жестовый Язык or Russkii Zhestovyi Iazyk (Russian Sign Language)

    • There is a wide regional variation within Russian Sign Language

  • Signed Russian (manually coded system)

Written / spoken languages in Russia:

  • Russian (Cyrillic)

  • Indigenous: Aghul, Avar, Azerbaijani, Chechen, Dargwa, Kumyk, Lak, Lezgian, Nogai, Rutul, Tabasaran, Tat, Tsakhur

  • Russian Braille

Where else is Russian Sign Language used?

  • Tajikistan

  • Belarus

  • Moldova


How do you say Russia in sign language?


Where can I learn Russian Sign Language online?

InterSign University offers online Russian Sign Language courses. Register here:


What Deaf organizations are located in Russia?

All Russian Society of the Deaf

Description: Works to protect the rights and interests of deaf people in the Russian Federation and to promote their social rehabilitation and integration in modern society and equal opportunity.

Source: Gallaudet


Additional sign language resources for Russia

We will update this section as more information becomes available.


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